2.11 Foster Child Eligibility

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2.0       Eligibility/Certification

2.11    Foster Child Eligibility  (Rev 10/22)                        

PURPOSE:  To ensure that foster children at nutritional risk receive WIC Program benefits.


  • A foster child shall be considered an independent one-person family where the Department of Social Services (DSS) is legally responsible for the child and the foster home is an extension of DSS.  However, foster child benefits will be issued to the Authorized Person, generally the foster parent.


  • Payments made by DSS or from any other source (tribal/welfare agencies) for the care of the foster child shall be considered the income for the child and verified as the income of that one-person household.
  • Whenever a caregiver reports they are issued a stipend for caring for a child (kinship, foster, guardianship, relative placement, subsidized adoption, etc.) the child should be entered as a foster child.
  • If the client has entered foster care within the last six months or has moved from one foster care home to another foster care home in the previous six months the client shall qualify for Foster Care risk code 90301 (See Policy 2.13 Nutrition Risk Criteria). A complete nutritional risk assessment shall be done at certification to determine health, nutrition or referral needs.
  • If a child is transferred from one family to another in SDWIC-IT, the benefits will need to be reissued to the foster child in the new family (due to different BVT dates).
  • To void benefits, you can either:
    • Contact the clinic that the child is currently enrolled in and ask them to void benefits BEFORE transferring the child to your clinic
    • Transfer the child into your clinic and benefits will no longer be accessible to the original family. Benefits will not transfer to the child in the new family, which is expected.
  • If the foster child is later adopted, the child’s WIC eligibility shall change and then be based on the income of the adoptive family.  If the child retains Medicaid after adoption, he/she may or may not be adjunctive eligible. For those not adjunctive eligible, income will need to be reviewed.  Refer to policy 2.06 Adjunct Income Eligibility.

CFR 246.7

Cross Reference:
2.06  Adjunct Income Eligibility
2.13  Nutrition Risk Criteria 

This post was last updated on December 2nd, 2022 at 4:27 PM

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